Surfing and Diving Ujung Kulon

Ujung Kulon National Park is located in the western part of Java Island, Indonesia. This national park area also includes areas of Krakatoa and several smaller surroundingislands such as Pulau Handeuleum and Peucang Island. This park has an area of ​​about1.206 km ² (443 km ² of which is the sea), which starts from the promontory of Ujung Kulonup with the Indian Ocean.
National Park became the first National Park was inaugurated in Indonesia, and alsoinaugurated as one of the World Heritage protected by UNESCO in 1992, because the area of protected forests cover a very broad. To date approximately 50 to 60 rhinos livingin this habitat.
At first Ujung Kulon is an agricultural area in a few days until finally destroyed andexhausted all its inhabitants when Mount Krakatoa erupted on August 27, 1883 whicheventually turn this area back to forest.
Permission to enter this National Park can be obtained at the Head Office of NationalParks in the City of Labuan or Tamanjaya. Lodging can be obtained on the island andPeucang Handeuleum.

Before visiting this national park, confirm your plans first visit to the Center of Ujung Kulon National Park at Jalan Perintis Kemerdekaan Nomor 51 Labuan, phone number(62253) 804 681 or 801 731. Not every time you can enter the forest Ujung Kulon because this area is the habitat ofendangered one-horned rhinoceros. Schedules and routes you have to confirm first visit to the National Park Authority in Labuan.

The ticket is Rp 2,500 per person for the citizens of Indonesia and Rp 20,000 per person for foreign nationals as well asinsurance costs Rp 3,000. Entrance fee for the amount of vessels varies between Rp50,000 and Rp 100,000 per boat motor according to engine power. Both of these chargesare part of state revenues.

It is not difficult to reach locations. Tourists can choose the land routeJakarta-'Serang-Labuan as far as 120 kilometers with a long take 4-5 hours. Can also routeJakarta-Cilegon-Labuan as far as 140 kilometers with a long take 5-6 hours. If you will use public transportation, it served two rure public transport ie buses and minibuses. To continue the trip to Ujung Kulon National Park area (TNUK) using fast ships with a capacity of about eight people, visitors can depart from the Carita. Rental rate of speed boat is Rp 3.5 million per day. Another option, boat motor speed is with a payload capacityof about 25 people who depart from the Well or Tamanjaya. Rental rates are cheaper, at Rp. 1.8 million per vessel per day.


Visitors who enjoy surfing can satisfy the high waves in the Gulf island of Panaitan. Here's how a self-professed frequenter of the island described it: "Anybody that comes back more than once does so on a boat because it is the only way. You have gotta have a desire for heavy duty juice and poundings if this is your cup of tea. It is not the thin lipped perfection of the Mentawais and not the super user friendly zone of Bali with all the options to suit different levels."

Bombies, Photo :
Bombies, Photo: Dustin Humphrey/A-Frame
One Palm Point, Photo: Dustin Humphrey/A-Frame
Inside Lefts,  Photo: Dustin Humphrey/A-Frame


Offers a wide rang of reef diving. Depths here range from 8 meters to 15 meters. Most dives are on fringing reefs as well as some shallower pinnacle dives. The reefs around the park are well preserved offering spectacular coral formations and rich diversity of tropical reef life. This area is ideal for the beginner or less experienced divers, with some more challenging drift dives for the more experienced.

At the South Western end of the Sunda Straits lies Ujung Kulon National Park. Ujung Kulon National Park protects one of the last extensive remaining areas of lowland rain forest in Java and is of special importance for the conservation of Java rhinoceros. In addition, the coastal coral reef environment ranks among the richest in Indonesia. The point to point ocean boundary encloses Ujung Kulon Peninsula and the offshore islands of Pulau Handeuleum and Pulau Peucang, whilst the island of Pulau Panaitan is separated by the 10km wide Panaitan Straits. The eastern boundary follows contours along the eastern foothills of the Gunung Honje massif.

Pulau Panaitan/Pulau Peucang Nature Reserve was established in 1937, Ujung Kulon Nature Reserve in 1958 and Gunung Honje Nature Reserve established in 1967. In 1980, the nature reserves of Ujung Kulon Peninsula, Panaitan Island, South Gunung Honje, North Gunung Honje and the Krakatau Islands were declared a Proposed National Park. On 1 February, 1992, the Proposed Ujung Kulon National Park complex was declared a World Heritage Site following inscription on the UNESCO World Heritage List in December 1991.

There is a difference between the forests on the island and Peninsular Peucang UjungKulon. "On the Island can be found Peucang primary forest, while on this peninsula issecondary forest," said Dodi Sumardi, TNUK Hall employees.

Primary forest is characterized by a relatively clean forest floor of a low bush becauseplants can not photosynthesize. Meanwhile, secondary forest, the forest floor filled withshrubs. Secondary forest in Peninsular Ujung Kulon is the result of natural successionpascameletusnya of Mount Krakatoa in 1883. Various types of trees that adorn the jungleUjung Kulon a lowland tropical rain forest is.

Handeuleum Island, visitors are likely to see deer and monkeys. This is because there aredozens of deer on the island. If lucky, can see deer coming out from behind the fence shrubtourist lodgings. The deer are often approached and poked his head to eat the food provided the tourists.

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