What is Batik

Batik can refer to two things. The first is the technique of coloring cloth using a "malam" to prevent staining part of the fabric. In the international literature, this technique is known as a wax-resist dyeing. The second notion is the fabric or clothing made ​​with these techniques, including the use of certain motifs that have uniqueness. Batik Indonesia, as the overall engineering, technology, and development-related motives and culture, UNESCO has been designated as Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity since October 2, 2009

Batik is a craft that has high artistic value and has become part of the culture of Indonesia (especially Java) for a long time. Javanese women in the past made their skills in batik as menpatkan business income, so in the past batik work is exclusively women's work until the invention of "Batik Cap" which allows the entry of men into the field. There are some exceptions to this phenomenon, namely the coastal batik masculine lines as can be seen in shades of "Mega Chance", which in some coastal areas batik work is common for men.

The tradition of batik was originally a tradition handed down, so sometimes a recognizable motif batik originated from a particular family. Some batik may indicate the status of a person. Even today, some batik motifs tadisional only used by royal families of Yogyakarta and Surakarta.
Cirebon batik motif for sea creatures

Batik is an ancestral heritage of Indonesia (Java) that until now still exist. Batik is also first introduced to the world by President Suharto, who was wearing a batik at the UN Conference.

Batik patterns
Batik variety of shades and colors are influenced by various foreign influences. Initially, batik has a variety of shades and colors are limited, and some patterns may only be used by certain circles. However, coastal batik absorb various external influences, such as foreign traders and also in the end, the invaders. Bright colors such as red popularized by the Chinese, who also popularized the style phoenix. European colonial nations are also taking interest in batik, and the results are the patterns that were previously unknown flowers (like tulips) and the objects brought by the colonizers (the building or horse-drawn carriage), including their favorite colors such as blue. Retain traditional batik s type, and is still used in traditional ceremonies, because usually each style has a  

How to make batik
Batik was originally made ​​on material with white color made ​​of cotton. Today the batik is also made on other materials such as silk, polyester, rayon and other synthetic materials. Batik motif formed by the liquid wax by using a tool called a canting for subtle motifs, or large-sized brush for a motive, so that the liquid wax to seep into the fabric fibers. Fabrics that have been painted with wax and then dyed with the desired color, usually starting from the light colors. Immersion and then taken to another motif with color or black older. After some time the coloring process, which has dibatik cloth dipped in chemicals to dissolve the wax. Dangeng_club

Batik type (based on manufacturing techniques)

  • Batik tulis is decorated with fabric textures and patterns of batik by hand. Batik making this type takes approximately 2-3 months.
  • Batik cap is decorated with fabric textures and patterns created with batik cap (usually made of copper). Batik-making process of this type takes approximately 2-3 days.
  • Batik lukis is the process of making batik painting by painting directly on the white cloth.

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